State: Tamil Nadu
Official Language: Tamil
Other Languages Spoken: English, Hindi, Urdu, Malayalam
Population: 6.4 Million
Area: 178.20 sq. km
Latitudinal parallels: 13 Deg. North
Longitudinal meridians: 80 Deg. East
Temperature in Summers: 37 °C (Max) 21.10 °C (Min)
Temperature in Winter: 32 °C (Max) 19.81 °C (Min)
Rainfall: 1,272 mm
Monsoon: June to September (South-West Monsoon), October to December (North-East Monsoon)
Season: Tropical throughout the year.
Altitude: 60 m above sea level
Religions: Hindu, Islam, Christians, Sikhs, Parsis, Buddhists, Jains
Educational Institutes: Dr. Ambedkar Law University, SRMC Chennai, IIT Madras, LIBA Chennai etc.
Main Attractions: Marina Beach, Snake Park, St. George Fort, Kapaleeshwar Temple, Santhome Cathedral, National Art Gallery, etc.
Best Time to visit: November to February
Interesting Facts & Trivia About Chennai
- The earlier name of the city, Madras is believed to be originated from Madrasapattinam, a fishing village located north of the St. George Fort.
- Chennai is also known as the ‘Gateway to South India’.
- The Tidel Park of the capital city is the largest IT Park in Asia; it also houses the head offices of leading software companies.
- Cricket is the famous sport in Chennai and was started as a result of the foundation of the Madras Cricket Club in 1846.
- The M.A. Chidambaram Stadium sited in Chepauk was set up in 1916 and is among the oldest stadiums of the country.
- It is also known as the Detroit of India because of its automobile industry which produces more than 40% of the auto parts and motor vehicles in India.
- The Chennai Mofussil Bus Terminus (CBMT) at Koyambedu is the leading bus terminal in Asia.
- The Cancer Institute established in 1920 is one of the oldest cancer hospitals in India.
- The Anna Centenary Library in the capital city of Tamil Nadu is the largest library in Asia.
- Viswanathan Anand, the world chess champion, grew up in Chennai.
- This city is renowned for Bharatnatyam, the famous and one of the oldest classical dance forms in India, which originated in Tamil Nadu.
- It houses some of the leading foreign banks including Bank of America, Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi, Citibank, Export Credit Guarantee Corporation of India Ltd., Ryan Services and Standard Chartered Bank.
- The Vandalur Zoo sited in Chennai was set up in 1855 and it is the first public zoo in India and also the largest one in the country.
- Chennai is the second leading exporter of information technology (IT) and business process outsourcing (BPO) services in India.